Introduction 3

General overview 4

Higher education structure 6

Main features of the Russian higher education 6

Types of institutions and degree structure 8

Admission system 11

Tuition fees 18

The content of education 12

Evaluation criteria 12

The impact of the new Russian reality: 12

Current trends: 13

Teacher and Student roles in the learning process 14

Teacher’s position 14

Student’s position 14

Russian education vs. US education: 15

Main legal framework 16

Authorities and organisations 16

Governance structure 17

Systems of financing of HEIs 18

Quality assurance 19

Key Features of the Modernization of Education Program 20

Main trends in the government's policy on internationalization 24

Conclusions 26

References 29


Russia has a long-standing tradition in high-quality education for all citizens. It probably has also one of the best mass-education systems in the world producing a literacy rate exceeding most Western European countries.

Though recognised for its rich traditions, Russian higher education had long remained in isolation from the world community, being under the restraints of a closed planned economy. The government that ensured a system of 'state orders' (goszakaz) introduced a range of programmes for training specialists and provided for uniform curricula in higher education institutions. The transition to the market economy and integration of the Russian Federation into the world economy forced a revision in approaches to the area of higher education.

Russian higher education embarked on a range of modernizing processes such as the introduction of a multi-level educational system, competition with other Russian and foreign educational establishments, increased independence of students and the development of new educational technologies. In addition, Russian universities had to ensure a flexible response of academic programs to market demands and needs.


1. The Russian system of higher education in view of the Bologna process, by Chuchalin, A, Boev, O, Kriushova, A // Journal: International Journal of Electrical Engineering Education ISSN: 0020-7209 Volume 44 Issue 2, April 2007, pp 109-117

2. Glenn E. Curtis, ed. Russia: A Country Study. Washington: GPO for the Library of Congress, 1996.

3. Reforming Russia’s Education System, by Abdur Chowdhury and Inna Verbina // Russian Economy—The Month in Review, February 2003

4. Current Trends in Russian Higher Education by Anna Smolentseva // International Higher Education, Summer 1999

5. Интернет-ресурс: http://d1.hse.ru/lingua/en/hse_reform.html

6. Интернет-ресурс: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Education_in_russia

7. Интернет-ресурс: http://www.russianenic.ru/english/rus/index.html

Примечаний нет.

"Момент, когда мы предаемся нашим слабостям, земля меняется" (Емерсон). "Не говори о растраченных чувствах. Чувства никогда не были растрачены" (Лонгфеллоу). ( Контрольная работа, 5 стр. )
. Ann, go to a blackboard, please. Read a text five, please 242 ( Контрольная работа, 7 стр. )
. Australia occupies the eighth place for volume of industrial production 45675874 ( Контрольная работа, 3 стр. )
. Ecological problems of the lake Baikal and the Aral Sea region 532авв ( Контрольная работа, 25 стр. )
. Economists study our everyday life. The economists' studies should be strictly objective and scientific. 44 ( Контрольная работа, 13 стр. )
. Give Russian equivalents for the following 55 ( Контрольная работа, 26 стр. )
. Scientists and engineers have worked out many special devices 7855 ( Контрольная работа, 4 стр. )
. The reactor is fast becoming a major source of heat and electricity кц4422 ( Контрольная работа, 3 стр. )
. We know plastics to be applied to almost every branch of building 7855 ( Контрольная работа, 3 стр. )
. Омонимия существительных в английском языке 69855 ( Контрольная работа, 29 стр. )
. Перепишите и письменно переведите предложения на русский язык. Вставьте нужный артикль: a) a; b) an; c) the; d) - . 5 ( Контрольная работа, 12 стр. )
. Перепишите следующие предложения, определите в каждом из них видо - временную форму и залог глагола-сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык. 68087 ( Контрольная работа, 5 стр. )
. Практическое исследование употребления ономатопеи в английской литературе 65 ( Контрольная работа, 14 стр. )
. Прочитайте и переведите на русский язык 5322422 ( Контрольная работа, 5 стр. )
. Прочитать и перевести диалог "Business talk". 7806 ( Контрольная работа, 5 стр. )
. Прочтите и письменно переведите текст, выполните задания к нему. 353вв ( Контрольная работа, 29 стр. )
. Фразеология английского языка. Особенности перевода фразеологизмов. к24311 ( Контрольная работа, 25 стр. )
1. In the 1898 French educator and thinker … … proposed that the Olympic Games of ancient Greece be revived to promote a more peaceful world. - В 1898 году французский ученый и мыслитель предложил возродить Олимпийские игры Древней Греции, чтобы содейство ( Контрольная работа, 4 стр. )
1. Now a new building of a student hostel is being built not far from the academic building of the university. 33 ( Контрольная работа, 5 стр. )
1. The company was reported to have made a great losses last years 2. The problem to be discussed in details is very important 564 ( Контрольная работа, 9 стр. )
1. These are big companies. 2. Those men are managers. 3. These women are our secretaries. 4. His files are not on my shelves. 5. Where are the children now? к2341 ( Контрольная работа, 5 стр. )
1. These are big companies. 2. Those men are managers. 3. These women are our secretaries. 4. His files are not on my shelves. 5. Where are the children now? нг452342 ( Контрольная работа, 11 стр. )
1. We know steel, stone, concrete, wood and brick to the most commonly used building materials. к24411 ( Контрольная работа, 7 стр. )

                                          /  8 (495) 971-76-12  /  info@refport.ru  /     ¤